United States

US-PYD Rapprochement: A Shift in Washington’s Strategy?

US-PYD Rapprochement: A Shift in Washington’s Strategy?

After the US airdrops over Kobane, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he has a hard time understanding why the town is so strategic for the United States. Erdogan also may have a hard time grasping the myriad US national security interests at stake in a post-Bashar Assad Syria. Only a day before the ammunition […]

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Two Decades of U.S.-Kyrgyz Relations

Two Decades of U.S.-Kyrgyz Relations

  The First Kyrgyz American Convention this month featured a paper by Erica Marat on the current state of U.S. – Kyrgyz relations. Since 1991, Kyrgyzstan has achieved impressive democratic gains compared to its regional neighbors. Kyrgyzstan is the only country to have conducted free and competitive parliamentary elections in 2010 and peacefully transferred presidential […]

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After Abbottabad: Assessing America’s Afghanistan Policy

After Abbottabad: Assessing America’s Afghanistan Policy

Over the course of the past decade, the United States of America and its coalition partners have sought to remake Afghanistan into a stable democratic polity equipped with the capacity to assert authoritative control within its borders as well as eliminate the radical Islamic threat within the country. To what extent has the US-led coalition […]

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Turkey

The Russian Gambit

The Russian Gambit

On Dec. 1 Ankara welcomed Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin for a one-day visit that occupied the headlines of many international media outlets due to post-meeting statements, such as announcing the termination of the South Stream project. What is the significance of this visit and how is it going to affect the future of Russian […]

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The Turkish Constitutional Court’s Struggle for Democracy and The Rule of Law

The Turkish Constitutional Court’s Struggle for Democracy and The Rule of Law

Turkey is now in the midst of a democratic decline thanks to the remarkable consolidation of power in the hands of Prime Minister and then President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The Turkish Constitutional Court has emerged as the last institution that can provide a check – although limited – on an unfettered government and sustain a […]

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The Kobane Crisis: Where are Turkey, the PKK, and Kurds Going?

The Kobane Crisis: Where are Turkey, the PKK, and Kurds Going?

For many Kurds, Ankara’s spectator role in Kobane is a systematic policy to weaken PKK to get more leverage in the peace talks. The radical ISIS group is besieging the Kurdish town of Kobane in Syria, and so far the Turkish government has done little about it. It is the leftist, separatist Kurdistan Workers Party […]

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Eurasia

Energy, Trade, and Development in the Silk Road Countries

Energy, Trade, and Development in the Silk Road Countries

  Rethink Institute held the Energy, Trade, and Development Forum  at the 2014 Turkic American Convention in Washington D.C. on April 9, 2014. The forum featured panel discussions on the following topics: (1) From Beijing to London: (1) From Beijing to London:  The New Silk Road Initiatives; (2) Eurasian Energy Corridor and Energy Security; (3) U.S. Strategic Partnership […]

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The Past, Present, and Future of United States – Kyrgyzstan Relations

The Past, Present, and Future of United States – Kyrgyzstan Relations

The United States was one of the first countries that recognized Kyrgyzstan’s independence. In fact, the U.S. was the first country that opened its embassy in Bishkek – the capital of Kyrgyzstan – on December 25, 1991. It is a well-known fact that Kyrgyzstan, like all of the Central Asian countries, underwent a difficult task […]

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Prospects for Water Cooperation in Central Asia

Prospects for Water Cooperation in Central Asia

  Rivers flowing in the Amu Darya and Syr Darya basins throughout the entire Central Asian territory divide the region into upstream (Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan) and downstream (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) countries, creating a set of economic and political challenges that force these riparian countries to interact. Accordingly, Vladimir Fedorenko argues in this paper, transboundary […]

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Peace Studies

What Fuels Militant Islamism?

What Fuels Militant Islamism?

Gruesome ISIS beheadings, the Sydney siege, and now Taliban’s slaughter of children in Pakistan have haunted the media, along with the Senate report on CIA’s use of torture against suspected terrorists. The true nature of the radicalization problem, once again, is mostly obscured by petty domestic politics. The militant Islamism rests on a triple layer: […]

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The Role of Civil Society in Peacebuilding, Conflict Resolution and Democratization

The Role of Civil Society in Peacebuilding, Conflict Resolution and Democratization

Civil society is an essential part of the proper functioning of the state, helping to initiate, promote, and strengthen comprehensive and objective dialogue between governments and their people.In this way, civil society fosters conflict resolution, advances human rights, and promotes better democratization processes. Because of its flexible, multidimensional, and non-rigid structure, civil society has the […]

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